The Nose Knows – Science Fair 2015

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The Nose Knows

PrintWho knows if dog noses can be used for identification? Are dog noses unique? I am going to be using dog noses to see if I can identify dogs by their nose print. I am doing this experiment because I love animals. God gave us these creatures to care for and love. If nose prints will identify a specific dog, it might help someone find their lost dog. I believe that nose prints will be like human fingerprints because I see a different nose on each dog, and that is what makes them special and unique.

These words will help you understand my project. Dog nose prints are an image of the dog’s nose surface. Fingerprints are an image of a finger surface. Dogs are a tamed canine. Dye can be food coloring or washable ink and is used to copy the nose print onto a surface so the prints can be compared. Photos are a picture of something and can be used in specialized software for comparison purposes. Unique means one of a kind. High contrast means an image that darkens darks and white in the light areas. Biometrics is using the uniqueness of a person’s face, eye or fingerprint for the purpose of identification and security. Facial recognition software is used for identifying a person from a photo or a video. There are also applications that compare fingerprints and match up the similarities from two prints. The tip of the dog’s nose is called the rhinarium. It is a special type of skin that secretes moisture and has a unique design of dimples, dots and ridges. This information concludes the key terms.

PrintI will be taking several images of each dog’s nose. Those will be compared to make sure the images from the same dog are consistent and reproducible. The rhinarium and the shape of a dog’s nostrils holes or openings, makes a mark that is different enough to identify a specific dog. I did some research on biometric software. I thought I could use that software the same way to identify dogs by their noses. Most biometric software is expensive. The American Kennel Association and the Humane Society both talk about an application called Dognose ID made by a company called ID Systems Integrators. It is not available for some reason. I emailed another company called ImageRecognitionSoftare.biz, a division of Dynamic Ventures that develops custom biometric software. They answered me back and said that it was too expensive to use for my project. It was very difficult to get the prints with ink of the dog’s nose. It did not go well with my test dog because it was hard to figure out how hard to push, press the paper around the whole nose, ink filled in a lot of the holes and it was messy.  Since the ink did not go well, I am not even going to try food coloring.  I am going to use between 2 to 4 high contrast photos of each dog’s nose in my project because the ink will be to messy and the software is too expensive.

If the prints are all the same I will then compare one dog nose print to another dog nose print to see if they are unique. These are the steps I will use in my project.  I will get a list of at least ten dogs to use in my test. Next, I will then make nose prints to see if they will identify the dog. The use of dye on a paper towel or paper will be my process of recording the nose print.  Each print will be done multiple times to see if each dog’s print is consistent. The last step is to see if the dogs have unique nose prints or not.

PrintMy hypothesis is that I am going to look at the high contrast photos of the dogs’ noses and be able to recognize the uniqueness of the rhinarium and the nostrils of each dog. I am going to highlight the similar lines, dots, dimples, and shape of the nostrils holes on each set of photos for each dog. The software is to expensive right now, but one day it should be cheaper. Maybe someday people can use a high contrast print or photo to identify their dog instead of microchips. Now dog owners already can get prints of their dog’s nose for their own records. Sometimes dog owners even have a print of their dog nose on jewelry and artwork to remember the special and unique pet that God gave them. Psalm 139:14 says, “I praise you because I am fearfully and wonderfully made; your works are wonderful, I know that full well.” This verse relates to my experiment because everything God crates is unique.

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Bibliography

Jensen, Elle Di. “Can Nose Prints Be Used to Identify a Dog?” EHow. Demand Media, 21 Dec. 2009. Web.

http://www.ehow.com/facts_5786634_can-prints-used-identify-dog_.html

Dickert, Lori T. “Dogs Noseprints Can Be Used to Prove Identity, Just Like Fingerprints.” All Pet News. N.p., 19 Aug. 2011.

http://allpetnews.com/dog-noseprints-can-be-used-to-prove-identity-just-like-fingerprints

Schweitzer, Carolyn. “Those Amazing Dog Noses – Fun Facts about a Chilly Little Organ.” Those Amazing Dog Noses — Fun Facts About A Chilly Little Organ. N.p., 2004.

https://petpantry.com/pets/42411.php

Care, Perfect Puppy. “Is Your Dog’s Nose Print Unique?” Perfectpuppycare.com. N.p., 14 Sept. 2011. Web.

http://perfectpuppycare.com/is-your-dog’s-nose-print-unique/

“CountingSoftware.biz.” Image Recognition Software. N.p., n.d. Web.

http://imagerecognitionsoftware/biz/?ad=42343843139&pos=1s7&net=g&kw=picture%20recognition&place=&gclid=CIqqqdSP9MMCFRc8gQodiT4AvQ

“BibleGateway.” .com: A Searchable Online Bible in over 100 Versions and 50 Languages. N.p., n.d. Web.

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=psalms+139%3A14&version=NIV

“Did You Know Dog’s Noses Could Do This? – Blog – Lost Pet Finders.” Did You Know Dog’s Noses Could Do This? – Blog – Lost Pet Finders. N.p., 1 Aug. 2014. Web.

https://lostpetfinders.com.au/blog/did-you-know-dogs-noses-could-do-this

Lieber, Alex. “Nose Printing of Dogs.” Nose Printing of Dogs. N.p., 21 Sept. 2014. Web.

http://www.petplace.com/dogs/nose-printing-of-dogs/page1/aspx

Hutmacher, Kimberly. “Dog Nose Prints.” Dog Nose Prints. N.p., n.d. Web.

http://www.education.com/science-fair/article/dogs-unique-noseprints/

Queen Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor, the best project (2014)

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PrintI chose Queen Elizabeth II because we both like horses, dogs and we have a couple of the same names. This is the second time I have done a project on Queen Elizabeth II. She is one of my favorite famous women. One thing you might not know about me is that I am 1/8 British and my great grandmother is still a British citizen. I have actually been to London to visit my aunt and got to see many of the Queen’s cool jewels, castles and horses…

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Sodium in Twinkies, my school project of DOOM

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This project was really difficult for me. But I learned a lot about sodium and got to take pictures with my dad. Oh yeah, I also ate Twinkies. I learned that I do not like Twinkies!
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I did learn that 2 Twinkies make a serving and contain 360 mg of sodium.
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References

http://blogs.davita.com/kidney-diet-tips/?p=2240

http://www.calorieking.com/foods/calories-in-cakes-twinkies-golden-sponge-cake-with-creamy-filling_f-ZmlkPTc4MzM2.html

http://www.lenntech.com/periodic/elements/na.htm

Queen Elizabeth II, my fourth grade project (2013)

Elizabeth II is the Queen of England. When she was a little girl her nickname was Lilibet. She got her first pony when she was three years old.

Queen Elizabeth was born on April 21, 1926 (age 87) Her full name is Queen Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor. She was born in Mayfair, London, United Kingdom. Her nationality is British. Queen Elizabeth II’s mother’s name is Queen Mary Elizabeth and her father’s name is George VI. Her sister is princess Margaret Countess Snowdon.

Queen Elizabeth II was christened on May 29, 1926. Elizabeth started tutoring at six years old at her house. She was tutored only one and a half hours each day. She preferred the outdoors to being in a schoolroom. Elizabeth’s mother invited some neighborhood girls over so she could have her own group of Girl Guides (Girl Scouts) In 1936, Elizabeth’s grandfather died her uncle declined to to king. Elizabeth’s father Prince Albert became King George VI. May 12, 1937, when Elizabeth was 11 years old, she watched her mom and dad get crowned.

In 1939, when she was 13 years old, World War II began. Elizabeth and sister move to Royal Lodge at Windsor Castle. Elizabeth meets Prince Philip of Greece. On April 21, 1942 Elizabeth makes her official public debut at Windsor Palace. In 1944, Elizabeth is made a Privy Council and the Council of State. On July 10, 1947 Elizabeth and Prince Philip announce their engagement. On November 20, 1947 Elizabeth and Prince Philip get married. Elizabeth’s father dies of lung cancer on February 6, 1952 and she ascends to the throne age 26. Oct 16-22, 1957 Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip made their first visit to the United States. On June 13, 1981 Queen Elizabeth was horseback riding when someone tried to shoot her and they went to jail. November 26, 1992 the monarchy started paying taxes totaling 11.7 billion pounds. In August 1993 Buckingham Palace opened to the public! In 2002 the Queen celebrated her golden jubilee, both anniversary on the throne. In
February 6-June 5,2012 the queen celebrated her diamond jubilee, or 60th anniversary on the throne. In June 20, 2013 her horse,Estimate won an important race!

I chose Queen Elizabeth because she is my favorite famous person. We are alike because we both like dogs and horses. We also share 2 names alike – Elizabeth and Alexandra. I have British blood in my veins. I am 1/8 British. We are different because she is a Queen and I am not. She is old, 87, and I am young, 9. She likes hats, and I do not. She likes colorful, matching purses. I like small, simple purses. I do not want to trade places with her because he has servants that do things for her. I want to do things on my own.

I learned that Elizabeth II likes dogs and horses. I also learned that she watched her parents get crowned queen and king. She is an amazing Queen of England.

Bibliography
Queen Elizabeth II Fast Facts 13 September 2013. by CNN Library. www.cnn.com/2012/12/17/world/europe/qu-een elizabeth-ii-fast/indax.htmi

The childhood of Queen Elizabeth II of england 13 September 2013. The blog that makes history fun for kids. www.history4kids.info

Doggie Faces – Dog Emotions Survey Update

Alex & ScullyThank you for helping me with my science fair project. Thank you so much for trying to help as much as possible. I have collected all the responses and data that I needed. I have been having so much fun doing this!

Now I have turned the survey back on so it is open to the public. Have fun taking the survey, and this time it shows the answers!

I will post the results to the survey and other parts of my project as soon as possible.
Love,
Alexandra & Leonardo & Scully